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At the end of the game, the King and the Pawn goes into the same box

Seerah: Episode 60. An Unlikely Ally October 5, 2014

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 6:43 pm

— After speaking with Addas & resting for a bit, the Prophet & Zayd bin Haritha picked up their journey back to Makkah

  • During evening, they stopped & camped at a place called Nakhlah, which was very immediately outside of Makkah
  • At the camp, the Prophet was offering the qiyam (night) prayers & reciting Qur’an

— There were a group of 7  jinns passing through Nakhlah & they heard the Prophet reciting the Qur’an. This event is mentioned in Surat Al-‘Ahqaf

  • “And [mention, O Muhammad], when We directed to you a few of the jinn, listening to the Qur’an. And when they attended it, they said, ‘Listen quietly.’ And when it was concluded, they went back to their people as warners.” [46:29]
    • The jinns were passing by the area when they heard the Prophet. The Qur’an was so captivating that the jinn turned their direction & they went up to the Prophet & started listening very intently to the Prophet’s recitation
    • When they got close to the Prophet’s presence, some of the jinn must have been talking & asked, “Why are we stopping? Why are we changing direction?” The other jinn replied, “Be quiet and listen.”
    • When the Prophet was done reciting the Qur’an in his prayer, the jinn turned back to the rest of their tribe as warners
  • They said, “O our people, indeed we have heard a [recited] a Book revealed after Moses confirming what was before it which guides to the truth & to a straight path. O our people, respond to the Messenger of Allah & believe in him; Allah will forgive you your sins and protect you from a painful punishment. But he who does not respond to the Caller of Allah [Muhammad] will not cause failure [to Him] upon earth, and he will not have besides Him any protectors. Those are in manifest error.”  [46:30-32]
    • The jinn called their tribe to answer to the Prophet of Allah. They didn’t say, “Respond to the call of Allah, but answer to the caller (Muhammad) of Allah
    • This was how they understood the message – the jinn who took the Qur’an from the Prophet did not separate the Prophet from the Qur’an. They didn’t understand these two things to be separate & independent, but this does not compromise the sanctity of the Qur’an in any shape or form. The Qur’an & the Sunnah are two separate sources of our deen, but they are not independent of one another. They are connected to one another
    • Word that’s used for protection is yujikum an najaat, but word here used isyujirkum. In olden times, some person in a position of power & influence would grant you protection if you were in some disagreement. If another person approaches you with mal-intent, then it’d be like declaring war on the protector. Same if Allah protects you, & another person attacks you, then that’s like declaring war on Allah.
  • These jinn did not interact with the Prophet. They heard the Qur’an & taught it to their people
    • Later on in the Seerah, the Prophet would go outside of Makkah (to Ukaaz, when there were no annual festivals taking place) with some of his Sahaba to actually dialogue with the jinn. This event will be followed by the revelation of Surat Al-Jinn
  • These ayat was revealed to the Prophet after the jinn left. “You had some interesting visitors tonight, Rasul.”
    • It is a source of comfort for the Prophet, that even though his messages are falling on deaf ears on the Arabs (for 10 years), there was entirely another creation of Allah that was listening to his message (the jinn). The Prophet was rejected by both the largest tribe in Makkah & the largest tribe in Ta’if, & then an unexpected victory presents itself in the form of jinn going back to their tribe as advocates of the Prophet
    • Allah gave the Prophet something he didn’t even expect

— The Prophet was camped out of Makkah, but not going in to Makkah. 2 possible reasons

  • He didn’t think it was smart to go to Makkah because this could be an opportunity for people to attack him. OR
  • Some Sahaba received the news that the Prophet was camped out of Makkah & went meet him there to tell the Prophet that it’s not safe for him to come back yet

— One of the Sahaba, Abdullah bin Uraiqet, was sent by the Prophet to Akhnas bin Shuraikh, who was a Quraysh leader & opponent of the Prophet

  • Akhnas was also one of the 3 individuals (with Abu Jahl & Abu Sufyan) who would go listen to the Prophet’s Qur’an recitation at night
  • Abdullah was sent to ask Akhnas to grant his yujiru/yijara (protection) to the Prophet
    • Akhnas declined. “I can’t help.”

— Abdullah came back with the news that Akhnas won’t grant the Prophet his protection, so then the Prophet sent Abdullah to Quraysh leader Suhayl bin Amr, whose son later accepted Islam

  • Suhayl bin Amr was one of the individuals who was part of the Treaty of Hudaybiya (which occurs a decade later). He was a very pragmatic individual
  • Suhayl was also asked by Abdullah bin Uraiqet to grant his protection to the Prophet
    • Suhayl declined. “I can’t help you. This is a Banu Hashim issue. I’m Banu Amr.”

— Abdullah came back to the Prophet with negative news, so then the Prophet sent Abdullah to Mut’im bin ‘Adi to ask for his protection for the Prophet

  • Mut’im bin ‘Adi was another leader of Quraysh. He had supported Abu Talib & gained a lot of support to end the boycott of the Prophet, Banu Hashim, & other Muslims for those 3 years of the Boycott in the Shib of Abu Talib
    • Mut’im went around, gained some support from other Quraysh members, & led the delegation to end the boycott of Banu Hashim
  • Mut’im was not a Muslim himself, but the Prophet knew that Mut’im was a man of principle & ethics. He stood for the well-being of Muslims during the boycott
    • Mut’im agreed to grant the Prophet his protection
  • The Prophet & Zayd bin Haritha entered Makkah & went straight to house of Mut’im bin Adi
    • They stayed the night & were treated as guests in Mut’im’s home

— The following day, the Prophet & Zayd left the home of Mut’im bin Adi along with his 7  sons, who have strapped themselves with swords. They were all packing heat.

  • The Prophet, Zayd, Mut’im, and Mut’im’s 7  sons all went to the Haram. They enter into the Ka’bah, & everyone sees this gang of people. “They’re rolling heavy.”
  • The 7 sons of Mut’im took out their swords & lined up in a semi-circle with their backs to the Ka’bah
  • Mut’im told the Prophet, “Make tawaaf for your re-entry into Makkah.”
    • This is a longtime tradition, going back to Ibrahim (as). The mushrikoon who would leave Makkah & then return later would do tawaaf around the Ka’bah after returning home. This was their birthright as Makkans

— The Prophet made tawaaf, making the dhikr of Allah

— Abu Sufyan, Abu Jahl, & other opponents of the Prophet were sitting there with their jaws on the floor. They had this whole plan that when Muhammad came back to Makkah, they were going to ambush him, hurt him

  • But now, the Prophet came back to Makkah & had this whole security detail from a leader of Quraysh. Mut’im bin Adi had a reputation of being able to throw down if he needed to; he was not known just for being a diplomat but was also known for his fighting skills. All of his 7 sons were trained by Mut’im
  • Abu Sufyan got up & very peacefully approached Mut’im. Abu Sufyan said, “Are you simply giving Muhammad protection, or are you actually following him now? I’m just asking. Don’t get offended. I just want to know where you stand.”
    • Mut’im replied, “No, I don’t believe in his message. I don’t even understand what he’s talking about, but I am granting him my protection [mujir].”
  • Abu Sufyan said, “In that case, your promise will not be violated.”
    • Meaning, Mut’im gave his word to Muhammad that he would be protected, so if Muhammad is harmed, then it would be like disrespecting Mut’im himself
  • To make a gesture to Mut’im & let him know that he meant when he said that he would not harm Muhammad, Abu Sufyan said “Have a seat, and I will sit with you”
    • Mut’im sat down & Abu Sufyan sat down with him
  • Prophet then left the Haram. Then Mut’im & his 7 sons also walked out with the Prophet
    • Abu Sufyan then back to his gathering letting his crew know that Mut’im was giving Muhammad his protection. “It is what it is, Muhammad’s got protection now.”

— After the Prophet made Hijra about 2 years later, Mut’im still had not accepted Islam. The Prophet received news that Mut’im had passed away

  • Whenever the Prophet asked Hassan bin Thabit (a Sahabi, the Prophet’s personal poet on demand to recite poetry), Hasan would recite poetry from the podium by the minbar at the masjid
  • When Mut’im passed away, Hassan said, “I will say a few words to commemorate Mut’im.”
    • Prophet did not object. Mut’im was not a Believer, but he did show the Prophet respect & granted him protection
  • Hassan recited, “You amongst all the Believers & all the people have granted your protection to the Rasulallah. And because of the kindness, the honor, & dignity that you showed in dealing with the Prophet, the Believers have become slaves to you (indebted to you). We as Believers are indebted to you, Mut’im. You granted support & you granted protection to the Prophet.”

— A few years after Mut’im’s passing, the Battle of Badr took place. This was the first full scale major battle between the Muslims in Medina & the mushrikoon of Makkah.

  • 70+ of the Quraysh were taken as prisoners by the Muslims. The Prophet sat down with the Sahaba to hold a council to decide what to do with the prisoners
  • The Sahaba decided that either their Quraysh prisoners’ families can send ransom OR the prisoners can teach Muslim kids to read & then can go free
  • However, regarding the usara (POWs) of Badr, the Prophet said, “If Mut’im bin Adi were still alive today, and if he would have asked me in regards to these people. As a gift to Mut’im bin Adi, I would have released all the prisoners to him.”
    • That’s how much respect the Prophet had for Mut’im bin Adi

 

 

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2013/10/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-an-unlikely-allie/

 

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