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Seerah episode 33: A Community in the Making – Some of the Early Companions (ra). July 5, 2014

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 1:06 pm

— Some of the early people who accepted Islam were a different mix of individuals. The first people to make their Islam publically known were 7 individuals:

  • Muhammad (saw)
  • Abu Bakr
  • Ammar ibn Yasir
  • Sumayyah bint Khabbab, Amar’s mom (first martyr of Islam)
  • Suhayb ar-Rumi (the Roman)
  • Bilal
  • Al Miqdad

— Allah protected the Prophet by the means of his uncle, Abu Talib. Allah protected Abu Bakr by means of his people, Banu Taym

  • As for the rest of the believers, they were at the mercy of the mushrikoon. The other Muslims would be grabbed, dressed in armor made of iron, & sent to roast in the heat of the desert sun, which would be up to 140 degrees Fahrenheit
  • All of them were able to eventually find some sort of reprieve from this torture, except Bilal because he was a slave. Even the children of Makkah would tie him up & drag him through the streets of Makkah– he could do nothing but proclaim “Ahad, al-Ahad,” calling upon Allah

— Abu Bakr was the one who took the Prophet’s message, even in the first couple of days of his own Islam, to preach to prominent people who accepted Islam & later became the frontline of the Ummah

  • Some of the most remarkable people of the first Ummah were Muslim due to Abu Bakr’s da’wah
  • Abu Bakr delivered the Prophet’s message to the following people within the first 2 days of becoming Muslim
    • Zubayr
    • Uthman ibn Affan
    • Talhah ibn Ubaydullah
    • Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas
    • Abdul Rahman bin Awf
  • He told them about Islam & personally took them to the Prophet. The Prophet would recite Qur’an to them & told them about the truth of the religion of Islam. They believed & took their Shahadah

— Abu Bakr was a leader of his people. He was a businessman, which was the most prestigious occupation back then. He was well off financially.

  • He’s known by his people to never engage in any prominent & unacceptable social evils. He was never seen intoxicated or attend nightclub-type of scenes that were prominent then. He abstained from those
  • Abu Bakr had a specific talent – he was a genealogist. He was an expert on family lineages. He knew the family lineages of every family in Makkah
    • He was the ultimate icebreaker. If he didn’t know your name, but he knew your relations, then that became his conversation starter
      • This gave him advantage in knowing which people would accept Islam

— The Prophet said, “Someone who guides or directs toward something good, then it is as if he has done it himself.”

  • E.g. if I’m going to do salah, & I tell someone, “Hey, it’s time for salah,” & that person performs salah, then that person gets their reward of praying & I get a duplicate reward of praying my salah + that person’s salah
  • Abu Bakr was the primary example of this. Because of his dawah to the first 8 people, everything they did for the rest of their lives in the service of Islam, Abu Bakr received their reward as well
    • Those first few people were the means of Abu Bakr to get a lot of reward, & then these people became the means for other people & so on, so the scholars say that it’s not difficult to imagine that the Book of Deeds of Abu Bakr are open & still recording deeds til today

— The Sahaba were sincerity personified. The biggest legacy they could leave behind was if nobody would ever remembered their name – this is a favor of Allah, not so much upon them, but upon us, so that we have someone to look up to as role models

  • The Sahaba’s biggest legacy is that their Books of Deeds are still open today – for 1400+ years, their Books have continued to record as the Ummah continues to grow

— Talhah ibn Ubaydullah (ra) went to the Suq of Busra. There was a person in his temple worshipping. The person was inquiring if anyone was from the Ahlul Haram (Makkah)

  • Talhah presents himself, & says, “Yes, I’m from Makkah.”
  • The worshipper asks, “Has Ahmad appeared?”
  • Talhah replies, “Who is this Ahmad you speak of? What Ahmad?”
  • Worshipper answers, “He’s the son of Abdullah the son of Abdul Mutallib. This is the month in which he’s supposed to be appearing to the people. He’s the finality of all the prophets. He will appear at the Haram. He will migrate to a place that has plenty of date palms [goes further to describe the landscape of Yathrib]. You need to go find him.”

— Talhah recalled that what the worshipper said made a lot of sense to him

  • He quickly departed for Makkah. When he got there, he asked around, “Did anything major happen while I was gone?”
  • The other Makkans tell him, “Yes, Muhammad ibn Abdullah, al-Ameen, pretends to be a prophet. Abu Bakr has followed him.”
    • Look at the contradiction here – they call Muhammad al-Ameen (the Trustworthy), but accuses him of pretending to be a prophet. The truth is, they can’t say anything bad about him.

— Talhah goes to Abu Bakr & asks if he follows Muhammad

  • Abu Bakr replied, “Yes I have. You should go meet him & follow him too because he calls to the truth.”
  • Talhah says, “Wait til you hear my story.”
    • Then he tells Abu Bakr about the worshiper in Busra. Abu Bakr takes Talha to Prophet & accepts Islam

— When Nawfal bin Khuwailid bin al Adawiya (aka the Lion of Quraysh) found out that both Abu Bakr & Talhah were Muslim, he kidnapped them. He took one rope & tied them both together

  • Banu Taim, Abu Bakr’s family, were not able to come the prisoners’ rescue immediately, so Abu Bakr & Talhah were left tied for some time
    • From that day on til their death, the two were known as Al-Karenayn (Best Buddies)
  •  After finding out what Nawfal did, the Prophet made du’a, & thus Abu Bakr & Talha were able to escape

— Abu Bakr was the direct cause of many people accepting Islam early on

  • Aisha (ra) narrates that Abu Bakr, literally the day after divine revelation first came down, goes up to the Prophet & told him, “Ya Abal Qasim, you were missing from the gatherings of your people today. They are saying that you are talking badly of our forefathers.” The Prophet replied to Abu Bakr, “I am the Messenger of Allah & I call you to Allah.” As soon as the Prophet finished presenting Islam to Abu Bakr, the latter accepted Islam
  • No one was more pleased with the Islam of Abu Bakr than the Prophet. Abu Bakr goes out & finds Uthman bin Affan, Talhah bin Ubaydullah, Zubayr, & Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas & preaches Islam to them. They also accept Islam
  • The very next day, Abu Bakr gives dawah to Uthman bin Madh’un, Abu Ubaidah bin al-Jarrah (whom the Prophet dubbed the Most Trustworthy Man of this Ummah), Ab ar-Rahman bin ‘Awf, Abu Salama bin Abd al-Asad (his widowed wife later became the wife of the Prophet), & Al-Arqam bin abil-Arqam (founder of the first place of worship for Muslims, Dar-ul Arqam)

—  Some narrations say that there were 38 & others say there were 40 believers in the very early days of Islam.

— In the early days of Islam, there were 38-40 Sahaba. Aside from the ones mentioned above, the rest of the early Sahaba were:

  • Abu Salama
  • Abdullah bin Abdel Asad
  • Arqam bin abil-Arqam
  • Uthman bin Madh’un, & his two brothers Udama & Abdullah
  • Ubaida ibn Hadith
  • Asma & Aisha, the two daughters of Abu Bakr
  • Khabab bin al-Arat, a slave
  • Umar bin Abi Waqas, the brother of Sa’ad bin Abi Waq
  • Sa’ad & his brother Abdullah bin Mas’ud
  • Salid bin Amr
  • Ayash  bin Rabia & his wife Asma bint Salima
  • Khulais bin Hudafa
  • Amir bin Abi Rabia
  • Abdullah & Abu Ahmad, brothers
  • Ja’afar bin Abu Talib & his wife Asma bint Umays
  • Hateeb bin Hadith, & his two brothers Khatar & Mu’ammar & their wives
  • As-said bin Uthman
  • Mutallib bin Azhar & his wife Ramlah aka Ummu Habiba, who later became a wife of Prophet. She was the daughter of Abu Sufyan, who was one of the Prophet’s haters
  • Nayim bin Abdallah
  • Amir ibn Fuhaira, a servant of Abu Bakr
  • Khalid bin Sayid & his wife Aminah bint Khalaf
  • Hatib bin Amar
  • Abu Hudaifa
  • Mahsham bin Uthba
  • Waqeed ibn Abdullah
  • Khalid bin al-Bakeer & his 3 brothers, Amir, Aqeel, & Eias
  • Ammar bin Yasir
  • Suhaib bin Sinaan

— They were among the first 40 believers, & formed the core of the Sahaba. In the early days of Islam, the Sahaba would congregate in Darul Arqam to worship

  • Abu Bakr insisted to the Prophet, “We should all go public as an Ummah.”
  • The Prophet didn’t issue commands. If he issued commands, then Abu Bakr wouldn’t question the Messenger and would immediately go and preached to the public. Instead, the Prophet shares prophetic wisdom. Sometimes we have to learn through experience, not just instruction
    • The Prophet didn’t say, “No, we’re not going.” Instead, he said, “But we are very few.”

— But Abu Bakr insisted. So all the Believers all went to the Haram & spread out. Each Sahabi sat next to some people from their tribe/family, because that was a natural way of making a stronger showing. Meaning, if there’s anything bad happened, the people from their tribe would help them.

  • If you wanted to bash somebody in the head, & all of a sudden you see him sitting some of his tribespeople, there was enough tribal pride to where the tribespeople would say, “Wait a second. We think he’s (the Sahabi) is crazy too. But he’s our crazy. We’ll do what needs to be done. You don’t touch him.” So the Sahabi would have a bit of protection from their family members
  • After all the Believers had spread out, Abu Bakr stood up & addressed everyone while Prophet was sitting by Banu Hashim
    • This is the first time someone stood as a khateeb calling to Allah & His Messenger

— The people basically mobbed Abu Bakr. On that day, a lot of those Muslims got beat up in the different corners of the Haram

  • Abu Bakr got the worst of it. He was beaten very severely
  • Utbah bin Rabi’ah, a hateful enemy of Islam, took his hard-soled shoes off
    • Hard-soled shoes were distinct at the time, because typically shoes in desert were made of soft & flexible leather. Abu Bakr was thrown on the ground as he was being beaten
  • Utbah sat on the chest of Abu Bakr while Abu Bakr was getting beaten. Then Utbah started to pound Abu Bakr’s face (specifically his nose) with his hard-soled shoes
  • Abu Bakr’s nose was severely broken & his face was covered with blood. He was basically beaten into a coma

— When Banu Taim (Abu Bakr’s family) saw what was going on, a riot, they pushed everyone off Abu Bakr & rushed him off to his mother’s home

  • Tafa’ul: to hope for something good by saying good words. It’s not “good luck”, but it’s like good encouragement by giving something a good name or saying something good
    • E.g. if a boy is going to Qur’an class & he’s still on his alif-baa-tha’s, then you say, “Mash’Allah, hafidh of the Qur’an!” Obviously the boy is not yet a hafidh, but you’re predicting & encouraging a good future for him. This is tafa’ul

— Abu Bakr’s mother was called Ummu Khair (the Mother of Good), so it is a tafa’ul. Because Abu Bakr is khair (goodness). The people of Banu Taim take Abu Bakr to the house of Ummu Khair & leave him there. They take an oath that if he dies, they will publically murder Utbah bin Rabi’ah as retribution

  • Some of Abu Bakr’s family members are there in the house, trying to talk to him & get him to regain consciousness. Abu Bakr didn’t wake up for almost a day. He was beaten to unconsciousness
  • After waking up the next day, the first thing Abu Bakr says is, “What happened to the Prophet?”
    • Last thing he sees is his people getting beat up before he blacks out
  • All the leaders of his family were sitting around Abu Bakr & start cursing him, “This guy’s hopeless. He’s a fanatic. He’s crazy. He’s lost it. He almost dies serving Muhammad & he now asks about him.” They leave him after giving his mother some health-related advice, what to give him (food/medicine).

— Ummu Khair takes some food to her son. Abu Bakr asks, “What happened to Muhammad?”

  • Ummu Khair replies, “Wallahi, I don’t know what happened to your friend. I’m just an old woman worried about her son. Let me take care of you.”
  • Abu Bakr said, “Go to Ummu Jamil, she’ll know.”
    • Ummu Jamil is the sister of Umar bin Al-Khattab (ra). She & her husband were early converts to Islam

— Ummu Khair realizes that Abu Bakr is not going to let her take care of him until he finds out about Muhammad. So Ummu Khair goes to Ummu Jamil & asks about Muhammad

  • Ummu Khair asks, “What can you tell me about the Prophet? My son Abu Bakr sent me to ask you about Muhammad”
  • Ummu Jamil replies, “I don’t know Abu Bakr & I don’t know Muhammad.”
    • She lies initially to protect her faith

— Ummu Khair understands what’s going on here, so she asks Ummu Jamil to visit her son as he’s recovering

  • Ummu Jamil goes to Abu Bakr. When she sees him in his bloodied state, Ummu Jamil screams, “Who are the people who did this to you? I hope that Allah takes revenge on your behalf of those people.”
  • Abu Bakr responds, “What happened to the Prophet?”
  • Ummu Jamil says, “Your mother’s listening.”
  • Abu Bakr: “You don’t have to worry about her.”
  • Ummu Jamil: “The Prophet is fine. He’s safe.”
  • Abu Bakr: “Where is he?”
  • Ummu Jamil: “He’s in the house of Arqam.”
  • Abu Bakr then says to the chagrin of his mother, “I swear to Allah that I will not taste anything or drink a sip of water until I see the Prophet myself.”

— Ummu Jamil & Ummu Khair wait until the evening before they leave for where the Prophet was staying. Abu Bakr leans on them both as they walk to Arqam’s house

  • When Prophet sees Abu Bakr walk through the door, the Prophet went & embraced his right-hand man. The Prophet kissed Abu Bakr’s forehead, with tears in his eyes. The Prophet teared up & became very emotional upon seeing the condition of Abu Bakr
  • Abu Bakr said, “Oh Messenger of Allah may my father & mother be sacrificed for you. I don’t care what some wretched man does to my face, as long as I see you & you’re okay. [Abu Bakr establishes his imaan & love for the Prophet first. He got what he wanted, to see that the Prophet was safe. Now look at the 2nd thing on his mind]. Oh Messenger of Allah, this is my mother. She’s a good mother. She took care of her son. She doesn’t understand why her son believes this & why he makes these sacrifices & why he’s desperate to see you. But she took care of her son & did right by her son. She has a clean heart. You are blessed, o Rasulillah. Please call her to Allah, & make dua on her behalf to Allah to put Islam in her heart. I hope that she will be saved from the Fire by means of you, O Messenger of Allah.”
    • So the Prophet makes dua for her guidance & called her to Islam. Ummu Khair, the mother of Abu Bakr, accepted Islam

— No sacrifice goes unrewarded. Abu Bakr went out to preach to the people, & got beat up for it. Whether the people listened or not, what could be more pleasing to someone than their own mother accepting Islam?

  • Abu Bakr & Ummu Khair stayed for a whole month in the house of Arqam. There were 39 people in the house at the time

— Amr ibn Abasah (ra) met with the Prophet in the early days of his Prophethood. In those days, the Prophet was still keeping quiet about Islam

  • Amr asked the Prophet, “Who are you?”
  • The Prophet replied, “I am a Prophet.”
  • Amr: “What is a Prophet?”
  • The Prophet: “I am a Messenger of God.”
  • Amr: “Did Allah send you?”
  • The Prophet: “Yes.”
  • Amr: “What did Allah send you with?”
  • The Prophet: “That you worship Allah alone & you don’t associate any partners with Him, & that you break your idols. That you keep good relations with your family members.”
  • Amr: “This is very beautiful what God has sent you with. Who is with you in this message?”
  • The Prophet: “The free & the slave.”
    • When Amr was having this conversation with the Prophet, standing on either side of the Prophet was Abu Bakr & Bilal
  • Amr accepted Islam. He was one of the early converts

— Abdullah bin Mas’ud (ra)

  • The Sahaba would say that Abdullah bin Mas’ud was from Prophet’s family. Because he enter and leave the prophet’s house like he lives there.
    • When the ayah “Seek permission before you enter home of Prophet” was revealed, & the Prophet shares this ayah with his Sahaba, the Prophet looked at Abdullah & tells him, “The way you seek permission to enter my home is that you lift up the curtain & walk right in”
    • The Prophet told Abdullah, “When one of your legs is weighed on the Day of Judgment, it will be heavier than the 7 heavens and the 7 earths”
  • All of the knowledge of the Sahaba used to end in Abdullah bin Mas’ud
    • The Prophet said, “Anything you hear from Abdullah, know that it came from me.”

— Abdullah bin Mas’ud’s story of accepting Islam

  • He was a young boy who was hired by Okba bin Abi Mu’id to watch over his camels that would graze outside Makkah
  • One day the Prophet & Abu Bakr came & saw Abdullah & asked, “Young man, do you have some milk to share with us?”
  • Abdullah replied, “I’m in a position of trust. I have these camels, but these don’t belong to me. Therefore I can’t serve you anything.”
  • The Prophet asked, “Are there any camels here that aren’t a part of the herd?”
  • Abdullah said, “Yeah, there are some camels that don’t belong to the herd I’m watching over.”
    • The Prophet found a young she-camel who had not been joined with a male camel yet, meaning she hadn’t been used for breeding, so she didn’t have milk. The Prophet touched the she-camel & Abdullah recalls, “Wallahi, the udders of the camel became full before my eyes.”
    • Abu Bakr found a curved stone, cleaned it out, & milked the camel into the stone. Once he milked the camel, the Prophet placed a hand on the she-camel and says “Iqlis” – recede, recede back
    • The udders then literally went back in in front of Abdullah’s eyes
  • The Prophet calls Abdullah, all 3 drank milk out of that rock. Before they drank, the Prophet said Bismillah, and when they were done, he said Alhamdulillah
    • Abdullah said, “Teach me these beautiful words.”
    • The Prophet said, “You are a very knowledgeable young man.” This was foretelling before even Abdullah accepted Islam
  • Abdullah accepted Islam & he was one of the original Hufadh; he had his own handwritten manuscript of the Qur’an
    • At the time he was narrating this story, Abdullah had directly received 70 surahs from the Prophet before anyone else, and also memorized those 70 surahs. He was the first hafidh of the 70 surahs

 

Link to the next episode

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2013/01/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-a-community-in-the-making-some-of-the-early-companions-ra/

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