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At the end of the game, the King and the Pawn goes into the same box

Seerah episode 23: Placing of the Black Stone & the History of the Ka’bah June 16, 2014

Filed under: Seerah — visitor74 @ 1:52 pm

— Renovation project of the Ka’bah took place when Muhammad (saw) was 35 years old. Literally just a few years before he becomes the prophet.

— The people wanted to move the door of the Ka’bah higher from the ground, so you’d need a ladder to get there. It would make it harder for people to get into Kaabah.

  • If someone were to sneak inside the Ka’bah, then you’d be able to see them
  • To do that, Ka’bah walls had to be at least 16 meters tall

— They need a lot of resources, which they didn’t have because they had the restriction of using the purest of the pure materials & funds to reconstruct the Ka’bah

— The original shape of the Ka’bah was that it was straight on 3 sides, & on 1 side it was oval (more rectangular than square). The extra area of the Ka’bah that was extended (like a bit of a half wall) is called the Hateem/al-Hijr

  • Because there wasn’t enough funds, they didn’t fix the hateem – they took a few stones & put it around the boundary to mark the original shape of the Ka’bah

— The original Ka’bah also had two doors, so that when people goes inside Ka’bah, they come inside from one door and out from the other. So, there’s an eastern door and western door.

  • Today, there is only one door, which is on the eastern wall of the Ka’bah
  • There used to be a door on the western wall too
    • Pilgrims would enter though one side & exit out the other – this kept a steady flow of traffic
    • Due to lack or resources, they couldn’t include the door on the western side
      • They also wanted to limit the access to the Ka’bah due to the break-in
      • One door to get in, same door to get out. That means there’s only one door to guard. Remember that there has been break-ins in the Ka’bah before.

— There was another fight between the tribes regarding the placing al-Hajar al-Aswad (the Black Stone) in the proper place

  • The understanding was that the leader of the tribe would be the one to place the Hajar al-Aswad inside the Ka’bah, but which tribe’s leader would have this honor?
  • Things deteriorated very quickly & people started fighting amongst each other
    • “No, our leader will do it.”
    • “No, your leader’s not fit for the honor, our leader will do it.”

— Abu Umaiyya was one of the respected elders of the Quraysh. He was one of the oldest members of the Quraysh

  • Abu Umaiyya said, “Alright, STOP. Everyone be quiet!”
    • Out of some semblance of respect for the older gentleman, everyone got quiet
  • Abu Umaiyya continued, “Look, we’re rebuilding the house of God. So why don’t we leave this matter to God? We’ll pray now to the Raab of the Bayt that He make the next man who enters through that door, be a special person who will put the al-Hajar al-Aswad in the Ka’bah (another narration says he’ll be the mediator as to who will settle this dispute).”
  • Everyone agreed, since there fighting wasn’t getting them anywhere

— The next man who entered Babu Bani Shayba (door of Family of Shayba) was none other than Muhammad – he was there to pay daily respect to Ka’bah

  • When Muhammad walked in through the door, there was an audible sigh of relief from everyone because he was someone who everyone respected. Muhammad is a man of great intelligence & a man of great honor & integrity
    • Someone said, “How great is it that the person who walked through the door was Al-Ameen?”
      • By that time, more people knew Muhammad as “Al-Ameen” than by his own name

— Everyone is smiling, very relieved. They fill in Muhammad on their dispute & their solution method

  • Muhammad removed his own shawl & placed it on the ground. He placed the Black Stone in the middle of the shawl. Other narrations said he asked for a shawl.
  • Then he called for all of the tribal leaders to grab an edge of the shawl & walk it over into the Ka’bah
    • When they were right next to the place of the stone, Muhammad took the stone with his own blessed hands & placed it in the proper place himself

 

Kaabah

— The very first house that was established for the people on the face of the earth was the House of Allah in Makkah

  • Qualities of the Ka’bah
    • Mubarraka – place full of blessings
    • Place of guidance for all of humanity
    • Very clear evident signs there , such as Maqem al Ibrahim
  • Rights of the Ka’bah
    • For the sake of Allah, it’s obligated for people to visit the Ka’bah if they are financially & physically able to do so
  • “Indeed, the first House [of worship] established for mankind was that at Makkah – blessed and guidance for the worlds. In it are clear signs [such as] the standing place of Abraham. And whoever enters it shall be safe. And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House – for whoever is able to find thereto a way. But whoever disbelieves – then indeed, Allah is free from need of the worlds.” (Surat ali Imran, 3:96-97)

— Abu Dhar (ra) asked the Prophet, “Ya Rasullulah, which masjid was established first?”

  • The Prophet replied, “Masjid al-Haram  (in Makkah)”
  • Abu Dhar asked, “Which was the next one?”
  • The Prophet replied, “Al Masjid al-Aqsa (in Jerusalem)”
  • Abu Dhar asked, “How much time elapsed between these two masjids’ establishments?”
  • The Prophet replied, “40 years”

— The land where the Ka’bah is located is a land that Allah sanctified (made holy) on the day He created the heavens and the earth. It will remain sacred by the sanction of Allah till the Day of Resurrection

— There are several narrations as to exactly when the Ka’bah was first established

  • When Ibrahim raised the foundations of the Bayt with his son Ishmael, as according to the Qur’an
    • However, due to the language of the Qur’an, some scholars say that the foundation was already in place, long before Ibrahim’s birth
    • The Baytallah was already established before the creation of the earth by 2000 years
    • The language of the ayah talks about  the Ka’bah as the originating point of earth, & the earth was stretched out from that originating point
  • Some narrations say that Jibril (as) told Adam & Hawa (as) where the Ka’bah should be (“Build a house for Me”), so that’s where Adam started digging
    • Then Allah commanded Adam to do tawaaf
    • Then Allah told Adam, “You are the first of humanity & this is the first of the Houses of Worship.”
    • Then centuries passed, until Nuh came to visit the Ka’bah. Then centuries passed, until Ibrahim came and raise the foundation of it.”
  • When Adam completed tawaaf, he met with other angels who congratulated him & said, “We did the tawaaf of the Ka’bah 2000 years before you.”

— Urwaat al Zubaid, a student of Aisha, said there’s not a single Prophet who did not do hajj of the Bayt

— Ali bin Abi Talib (Muhammad’s cousin) was asked, “Was the Ka’bah the first house (generally speaking) ever built?”

  • Ali replied, “No, but this is the first house where baraqah & signs of God were put into. This is the first place of worship on earth.”
  • Other narrations say that Ali replied, “No, there were other houses of worship established long before the Ka’bah, but the Ka’bah holds a special distinction because of its status in baraqah & sanctuary”

— Ibrahim was building the Ka’bah with Ishmael until they reached the place where the Hajar al-Aswad (Black Stone) goes

  • They were told by Allah, “Create a place where a stone can fit.”
  • So they create a place, & when the reach that place, Ibrahim tells Ishmael, “Go & find me a stone that can fit here.”
  • When Ishmael comes back with a stone, he finds that al Hajar al-Aswad is already in place of where his stone was supposed to go
    • He asked Ibrahim, “Where did you find this, father?”
    • Ibrahim replied, “Jibril brought this from the sky & placed it here in its proper spot.”

— A long time passed after Ibrahim built the Ka’bah, & the Ka’bah started to fall apart from age

  • Another people who inhabited the area at the time, the Amalika, restored the Ka’bah
  • Then after many centuries, the Ka’bah started to deteriorate again, & the current people of the area, the people of Jurhum, restored the Baytullah
  • More centuries pass. This time the people of Quraysh inhabit the area, & they renovate the deteriorating Ka’bah

— Aisha (ra) narrates that during Fathul Makkah (Conquest of Makkah), the Muslims cleaned out the Ka’bah of idols, & established proper form of worship. It was during that conquest that the Prophet told Aisha of the original construction of the Ka’bah

  • He shared with her the original shape & features of the Ka’bah
  • The Prophet said, “Realize that your people, the Quraysh, didn’t have enough funds to properly restore the Ka’bah as it originally was. That’s why it’s in a slightly different form today. If your people weren’t so new in Islam (they hadn’t had a lot of time to change their ideas & perceptions), then I would have actually done a complete reconstruction of the Ka’bah. I would create an eastern door & western door of the Ka’bah, & I would once again include the hateem in the construction of the Ka’bah.”

— Abdullah bin Zubair was in charge of Makkah (the mas’ul – mayor of Makkah). One of his main teachers was his aunt Aisha (ra)

  • Knowing about the original Ka’bah from his aunt, he decided to fulfill what the Prophet had expressed. He made 2 doors (one in the eastern wall & one in the western wall) for the Ka’bah & included the hateem into the construction of the Ka’bah
  • After this khalifa was killed, the new khalifa orders the Ka’bah to be restored to the way the Quraysh restored it, not knowing that the Ka’bah they were about to renovate was already in its original design as the Prophet had desired
    • One of the doors of the Ka’bah was boarded up & the hateem was removed from the original construction. They completely redo it the Baytullah

— Years later, the khalifa at the time was al-Mansur, who consults with Imam Malik, the Alim of Medina

  • Mansur said, “We have come to realize that there’s this hadith in place, and Abdullah bin Zubair (ra) had done exactly to the Ka’bah what the Prophet had expressed. But then Abdullah bin Marwan came along & re-did everything. Now that we know that the hadith is in place, you’re the big imam, the grand mufti. If you tell me that we should reconstruct the Ka’bah in the way the Prophet had expressed, I can have it done. We got the funds, we got the people – I can have it done. I just need the word from you.”
  • Imam Malik said, “Don’t. Leave it be, because the Prophet left it the same as the Quraysh’s renovation, so that means it’s okay. I don’t want kings to come along & turn the Ka’bah into a toy. I don’t another king to come along & think, ‘O, I didn’t like the king before me, so I’m going to change the Ka’bah in my way.’ Then another king will come along & go, ‘I’ll show you what’s up & redo the Ka’bah.’ Next thing you know, this reconstruction is going on nonstop. Just leave it. The Messenger left it be, so leave it be.”
    • Until today, the Baytullah has one door & the hateem is not part of the actual Ka’bah

— One tradition of the Ka’bah is placing the Kiswaah on the Ka’bah

  • The first one to put Kiswaah on Ka’bah was Hajjaj bin Yusuf. Hajjaj bin Yusuf was the one who killed Abdullah bin Zubair.
  • Hajjaj bin Yusuf was the one who formed the tradition of placing the Kiswaah to show respect to the Ka’bah

— The first one to expand Masjid al-Haram to accommodate the growing ummah was Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second khalifah

  • He bought all the houses that were immediately around the Ka’bah so he can expand the area around the masjid

— Later on, Uthman, the third khalifah, purchased more homes & expanded the masjid even more

— Ibn Zubair had a lot of orate decorations done around the Ka’bah

 

Link to next episode 

http://www.qalaminstitute.org/2012/08/seerah-life-of-the-prophet-placing-of-the-black-stone-and-history-of-the-kabah/

 

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