— Significance of Monday
There is a narration in Sahih Muslim where the Prophet (saw) was asked by an Arabi (Bedouin), “What do you advise about fasting on Mondays?” Prophet replied, “That is the day on which I was born, and that is the day on which divine revelation was revealed to me.”
The Prophet was born on a Monday
He was given Prophethood on a Monday
During Hijrah, he left Makkah on a Monday
He arrived in Medina on Monday
He passed away on Monday
— Prophet was born during the month of Al Rabi’al-awwal in the Year of the Elephant.
Almost consensus opinion that the month was Al Rabi’al-awwal in the Year of the Elephant, but no concensus on the date.
Different narrations give different dates – some say he was born on the 2nd or 8th or 12th or 17th day
Most narrations agree on the 12th day of al-Rabi’l-awwal
He was born 50-55 days after the Invasion of the Elephants
In the Gregorian calendar, the Prophet’s birth occurred on April 25, in the year 571
Lineage of prophet was very pure. No one was born out of wedlock.
— Miraculous events surrounding the Prophet’s birth
From the day she became pregnant with Muhammad to the day she gave birth, Aminah never felt any pain or discomfort during her pregnancy & labor. Now this is a miracle because those that goes through pregnancy knows how hard it was.
In one dream, nur (light) was coming out of Aminah’s womb & it was lighting up palaces in as-Sham (Syria)
In other dreams, she was being addressed by an entity, most probably angels (most likely Jibril): “You are carrying the leader of this Ummah. When he arrives to this earth, say, ‘I put him in the protection of Allah, may Allah protect him from the jealous, may he be put in the company of good people, may he be put in the confidence of leaders of the devout, may he arrive to this earth without any adversity, until he witnesses that which he is to witness. The sign of his birth will be, when he arrives on this earth, along with him a light will come – a light that will fill the palaces of as-Sham. When he is born, name him Muhammad, because his name in the Tawrut was Ahmed. The people of the heavens and the people of the earth praise him. His name in the Injeel was Ahmed. His name in the Qur’an will be Muhammad.”
There were 2 women present during birth, As-Shifa & mother of Uthman bin Abi al-Aas, who were assisting Aminah in childbirth. She said, When Aminah gave birth, mother of Athman was blinded by the nur. She looked up and could see the stars coming closer as if to witness the birth of the Messenger. The stars were so close that As-Shifa was afraid that the stars might fall on her.
When the Prophet was born, at that very moment someone said, “May Allah have mercy on you.”
These narration were contested. So it is not very strong.
— Before giving birth, Aminah called her father-in-law (Abdul Mutallib) to tell him about her dreams. Abdul Mutallib says, just stay calm & steadfast
After Prophet was born, Abdul Mutallib was called for, since he’s the male guardian of the child. He was informed about her experience. He wanted to take the newborn Muhammad to Kab’ah & make dua.
Aminah tells her father-in-law that the child needs to be named Muhammad. Other narration says that it was Abdul Muttalib who gave the name Muhammad and actually Aminah preferred the name Ahmad. So that’s why the Prophet has both names.
Abdul Mutallib took his new grandson to the Baytullah & makes dua:
“I praise Allah for giving me this beautiful child, who is blessed and noble. Already in the lap of his mother, he is already become a leader of other children. I put him in the protection of Allah who is strong and owns the foundations, so that he can grow up to become a strong young man. I put him in the protection of Allah from anyone who will have hatred for him. If anyone tries to approach him (with malicious intentions), may Allah take his eyes. May Allah take away his ability to speak.”
Abdul Mutallib points to the child & says, “You are the one who has been mentioned in the sacred texts of God. Your name Ahmed has been mentioned throughout generations and throughout time.”
Abdul Mutallib threw a great feast on the 7th day of the Prophet’s birth (Aqiqah)
This practice was one of the true practices inherited from Ibrahim (as)
— The name “Muhammad” was very rare at the time
Some scholars say that the Prophet was the first person ever to named “Muhammad”, but that’s incorrect. That’s only the saying of qussas (story tellers). There were already some people who were named Muhammad before the Prophet’s birth, but they were rare
The name comes from the root hamd, which means the “one who is repeatedly praised”
Ahmad – “Very abundantly praised”
Muhammad – “amazing things are constantly praised”
He was praised even before he received Prophethood, because he used to be known as “As Sadiq Al Amin” around Makkah (The Trustworthy One)
— There’s a Hadith in which the Prophet says, “I have many names. I am Muhammad and I am Ahmed. I am al-Mahi (the one who removes/eradicates); Allah eradicated kuffar through me. I am al-Hashir (the one who gathers); people have gathered at my feet to take their deen. I am al-Akib (one who comes last).” “I am al-Khatim (the seal of Prophethood). I am the Prophet of Mercy. I am the Prophet who will establish & defend the deen.”
— Allah addresses Muhammad by many names & titles in the Qur’an.
Hasan bin Thabit, the personal poet of the Prophet, said, “Muhammad’s name was split from the name of Allah, so that he would be honored. Allah is the one who is praised. Allah is Mahmud, and he (the Prophet) is Muhammad.”
Practicality in learning seerah is very important. We studied seerah so that we can emulate the Prophet. One of the issue discussed about prophet’s birth is about his circumcision. There are narration that says that he was circumcised when he was borned – he was borned already circumcised. This is so that noone sees his private part. But there’s also a narration that says that he was circumcised by Abdul Muttalib himself. If that is the case, then there’s no other people that see his private part.
Some asked the question about celebrating mawlid (birth of the Prophet)? Some says ok but some not. The right way is that, we can acknowledge the date of the mawlid when it arrives but we should not overdoing it. There’s no specific things to do and no special reward regarding doing Ibadah on the day. Just announce it would be enough. Like announcing in Ramadan that it’s the day of Badr. May be, you want to hold classes teaching about the seerah of the prophet and that’s all. No more.
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