the internet is a lovely thing if you want to look for knowledge including islamic ones.
i’ve gone through an mini course on hadith by Imam Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips where there’s a wealth of knowledge on the science of hadith. you can download the mini course here.
now I’m listening to a course on understanding ummul kitab alfatiha. you can download the khutbah here
I mean it is the most well read surah in the quran and we should try to find out what it means. at least 17 times a day. and al Fatihah is probably the most well read and well memorized bu the muslims. so should not we all study this surah that we keep repeating over and over again?
the speaker is Sheikh Jamaludin Zarabozo, a Mualaf from America. he sounded very intelligent and knowledgeable. I just found out that he never went to the arab countries for islamic studies. he just learnt islam from the teachers that were in US.
i’ll try to blog what i’ve learnt in the khutbah. it is more of a self-note to me instead of teaching you readers anything. because I would not do justice to the teaching if you rely on
he started by mentioning the importance of the surah which is of course very important indeed. and a bit of history of the surah. it is the first surah which was revealed in its entirety. and it was revealed quite early in the islamic period.
1. then he delved into the meaning of basmalah. now this might be the most mentioned quranic verse that we utter in our waking lifes. and should we not grasp the true meaning of it?
basmalah actually not a complete phrase in arabic sentence and because of that, the verse can be utilized in all aspects of our lives. that’s one the magic of basmalah.
and he touched on the meaning of the Ba’ in bismillah. with using the letter ba’, it gives us the understanding that only to Allah that we ask for blessings and only from Him that we asked for assistance.
and when we use the name or asma’ of arrahman and arrahim, we emphasis the the attributes of compassionate of Allah.
he continues that the Name Allah is the Name that encompass all the attributes of Allah.
and when Allah uses the attributes of arrahman and arrahim, He is introducing Himself as a compassionate Being and upon that, we say the following verse which is alhamdulillah.
some scholars of the opinion that arrahman and arrahim is from the same root word and by using both names, He is emphasizing or highlighting his compassion.
but the arabic word seldom have perfect synonyms or no synonyms at all. thus the opinion that when Allah use the two names, it’s actually carrying two different meaning. the most widely accepted understanding of the differences is: ar-Rahman is general mercy and bounty that Allah gives to everyone and everything. But the ar-Rahim is only given those beings that belief in Him.
2. Alhamd –
Robb -God. he is the maker and also the sustainer. He does not created the world and all that are in it, and then let it on it’s own. no. Allah continues to manage all affairs. there are nothing that escapes His attention.
Aalameen – it means the whole world encompassing everything that was created by Allah.
4. Maaliki yaum middin: Maali means the owner. and this kind of ownership is not like ownership in this world. like when we say that we are the owner of a car, perhaps. it is not actually total ownership, since the back might owns it actually. but we say that Allah is the owner, it really means total ownership. He can dispose with it any way he likes it.
another reading of that verse is: Malik which means: King. but this is not the same kingship as what we have in the world today. in this world, the king does not have total control. but Allah has total control of everything.